The Black Legend, Native Americans, and Spaniards: Crash Course US History #1

Hi I’m John Green, and this is Crash Course U.S. History! No, Stan. That’s not gonna work, actually. I mean, we’re talking about the 16th century today, when this was neither united nor states. By the way, this globe reflects the fact that I believe that Alaskan statehood is illegitimate! In fact, we’re going to call this whole show “U.S. History” but inevitably it is going to involve other parts of the world and also, not to brag, a small part of the moon. Sorry, we can be a little bit self-aggrandizing sometimes, here in America. So to begin U.S. history, we’re not going to talk about the United states or this guy. We’re going to talk about the people who lived here before any Europeans showed up. North America was home to a great variety of people so it’s difficult to generalize, but here’s what we can say: One, when the Europeans arrived there were no classical-style civilizations with monumental architecture and empires like the Aztec or the Incas. And two, native North Americans had no metalwork, no gun powder, no wheels, no written languages, and no domesticated animals. However, they did have farming, complex social and political structures, and widespread trade networks.>>Mr. Green! Mr. Green! So they were pretty backwards, huh? Well, or I mean at least primitive.>>”Primitive” is a funny word, me from the past, because it implies a romanticization — these simple people who never used more than they needed and had no use for guns. And it also implies an infantilization. It’s like you believe just because you have a beeper and they didn’t they
were somehow less-evolved humans. But you can’t see the human story as one that
goes from primitive to civilized. That’s not just Eurocentric that’s contemporary-centric. The idea that we’re moving forward as a species implies a linear
progression that just does not reflect the reality of life on this planet.
I get that you like to imagine yourself as the result of millennia of
advancement and the very pinnacle of human-ness, but from where I’m sitting
that worldview is a lot more backwards than living without the wheel. So no one
knows exactly how many people lived in North America before the Europeans
got here. Some estimates are as high as 75 million, but in the present US borders
the guesses are between 2 and 10 million. And like other Native Americans their
populations were decimated by diseases such as smallpox and influenza. Actually
it was much worse than decimation. As many of you have pointed out, “decimation”
means 1 in 10. This was much worse than that. It was closer maybe to 8 in 10,
which would be an “octicimation.” So there had been civilizations in North
America but they peaked before the Europeans arrived. The Zuni and Hopi
civilization roundabout here peaked about 1200 CE. They had large, multiple-family dwellings and canyons, which they probably left because of drought. Crash
Course World History fans will remember that environmental degradation often
causes the decline of civilizations. I’m looking at you, Indus Valley, and also you,
entire future Earth. Eut complex civilizations weren’t the rule in North
America. And now we’re about to begin generalizing, a bad habit historians have
partly because there’s a limited historical record but also because
Eurocentric historians have a bad habit of primitivizing and simplifying
others. So I want to underscore that there was huge diversity in the pre-Columbus American experience and that talking about
someone who lived here in 1000 BCE and talking about someone who lived here
2,000 years later is just inherently problematic. That said, let’s go to the
Thought Bubble: Most native groups in most places
organized as tribes, and their lives were dominated by the natural resources
available where they lived. So West Coast Indians primarily lived by fishing,
gathering, and hunting sea mammals; Great Plains Indians were often buffalo
hunters. These tribal bands often united into loose confederacies or leagues, the
best-known of which was probably the Iroquois Confederacy, also called the
Great League of Peace. This was kind of like an upstate New York version of NATO
but without a nuclear weapons or the incessant international meddling or
Latvians– Okay, it was nothing like NATO, actually. Religion usually involved a
vibrant spiritual world with ceremonies geared toward the tribe’s lifestyle:
hunting tribes focused on animals, agricultural tribes on good harvests. And
most Indian groups believed in a single creator god who stood above all the
other deities, but they weren’t monotheistic in the way that Christians
who came to the New World were. American Indians also saw property very
differently from Europeans. To First Peoples, land was a common resource that
village leaders could assign families to use but not to own, and most land was
seen as common to everyone. As Blackhawk, a leader of the Sauk tribe, said, “The
Great Spirit gave it to his children to live upon and cultivate as far as
necessary for their subsistence; and so long as they occupy and cultivate it,
they have a right to the soil.” Thanks, Thought Bubble. Many of us tend
to romanticize American Indians as being immune from greed and class, but in fact
there were class distinctions in Indian tribes. Rulers tended to come from the
same families, for instance. That said, wealth was much more evenly distributed
than it was in Europe. And while most tribal leaders were men, many tribes were
matrilineal meaning that children became members of their mother’s family. Also
women were often important religious leaders. Women also often owned dwellings
and tools, although not land because again that idea did not exist. Also in
many tribes women engaging in premarital skoodilypooping wasn’t taboo. In general
they were just much less obsessed with female chastity than Europeans were. I
mean I will remind you the first English settlement in America was called
“Virginia.” The idea that Native Americans were noble savages, somehow purer than
Europeans and untouched by their vices is not a new one.
Like some of the earliest European saw the Indians as paragons of physical
beauty and innocent of Europeans’ worst characteristics. But for most Europeans
there was little noble about what they saw as pure Indian savagery. I mean
Indians didn’t have writing, they suffered from the terrible character
flaw of being able to have sex without feeling ashamed, and most importantly
they weren’t Christians. The Spanish were the first Europeans to explore this part
of the world. Juan Ponce de León arrived in what is now Florida in 1513 looking
for gold and the fabled Fountain of Youth. In 1521 he encountered a Calusa
brave’s poison-tipped arrow and died before discovering that the Fountain of
Youth is of course delicious Diet Dr. Pepper. Mmm, ahh. I can taste all 23 flavors.
There were many more Spanish explorers in the first half of the 16th century
including one Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, who wandered through the American Southwest looking for gold, which I mentioned entirely because I think that
guy’s last name means “cow head.” Of course none of these people found any gold, but
they did make later European colonization easier by bringing over the
microbes that wiped out most native populations. So the Spanish wanted to
colonize Florida to set up military bases to thwart the pirates who preyed
on silver-laden Spanish galleons coming out of México. But Spanish missionaries
also came over hoping to convert local native populations. This of course worked
out magnificently. Just kidding, it went terribly. Many of the missions were
destroyed by an uprising of Guale Indians in 1597, and I will remind you
mispronouncing things is my thing. In general colonizing Florida sucked
because it was hot and mosquito-y. Spain was much more successful at colonizing
the American Southwest. In 1610 Spain established its first permanent
settlement in the southwest at Santa Fe, New México. You couldn’t really say
that it flourished since Santa Fe’s population never got much above 3,000, but it had a great
small-town feel. New México is really important because it’s the site of the
first large-scale uprising by Native Americans against
Europeans. I mean the native people, who the Spanish called “Pueblos,” had seen
their fortunes decline significantly since the arrival of Europeans. How much
decline? Well, between 1600 and 1680 their population went from about 60,000 to
about 17,000. Also the Franciscan friars who came to convert the indigenous
people became increasingly militant about stamping out all native religion.
The Spanish Inquisition just wasn’t very keen on the kind of cultural blending
that made early conversion efforts successful. So while the Spanish saw all
the Pueblos as one people they also knew there were tribal
differences that made it difficult for the Indians to unite and rise up against
the Spanish. But nothing unites like a common enemy, and in 1680 a religious
leader named Popé organized an uprising to drive the Spaniards out.
Popé organized about 2,000 warriors, who killed 400 Spanish colonists and
forced the rest to leave Santa Fe. So the Spanish colony in New México was
effectively destroyed. The Pueblos tore down all the Christian churches and
replaced them with kivas (their places of worship), but like most awesome
uprisings it didn’t last. After the revolt the Spanish were much more
tolerant of indigenous religion, and they also abandoned the forced labor practice
called encomienda. Oh, it’s time for the new Crash Course feature the “Mystery
Document”? How mysterious. The rules here are simple: I read an attempt to identify
the mystery document. If I am right, I do not get shocked by this shock pen. And if
I am wrong, I do. Okay, what do we have here?
“The Indians were totally deprived of their freedom and were put in the
harshest, fiercest most horrible servitude and captivity which no one who
has not seen it can understand. Even beasts enjoy more freedom when they are
allowed to graze in the fields. But our Spaniards gave no such opportunity to
Indians and truly considered them perpetual slaves. I sometimes came upon
dead bodies on my way, and upon others who were grasping and moaning in their
death agony repeating, ‘Hungry, hungry.’ And this was the freedom, the good treatment
and the Christianity the Indians received.” Well, that’s nice. Okay, so the
mystery document is always a primary source, and since the writer refers to
“our Spaniards” I’m going to guess that he or she (probably he) is European and a
Spaniards sympathetic to the Indians, which narrows the list of suspects
considerably. So it probably wasn’t de Sepúlveda for instance, who argued that
the Indians might not even be human. Okay, Stan I’m actually pretty confident here.
I believe it is from “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” by
Bartolomé de las Casas. Ah, dang it! Stan just told me I have the author right but the book
wrong. It’s “A History of the Indies.” Oh, I hate shocks, both literal and
metaphorical. So we focused a lot on the brutality of the Spanish toward the
Indians, but at least one Spaniard, de las Casas, recognized that his countrymen
were terrible. This realization is a good thing, obviously, but it leads us to
one of the big problems when it comes to studying this time and place. The Black
Legend is the tale that the Spanish unleashed unspeakable cruelty on the
Indians. Now, that tale is true. But that idea was used by later settlers,
especially the English, to justify their own settlements. Like part of the reason
they needed to expand their empire was to save the Indians from the awful
Spanish, but were the English so much better? Yeah, probably not. As we mentioned
at the beginning of today’s episode, American Indians didn’t have writing so
we don’t have records of their perspective. Now, some Europeans like de
las Casas were critical of the Spaniards, but most considered the Indians heathens
and implied or even outright said that they deserved whatever horrible things
befell them. So at the beginning of our series I want to point out something
that we need to remember throughout: One of the great things about American
history is that we have a lot of written sources. This is the advantage of the
U.S. coming onto the scene so late in the game, historically speaking, But every
story we hear comes from a certain point of view. And we always need to remember
who is speaking, why they are speaking, and especially which voices go unheard
and why. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week.
Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is
Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my
high school history teacher Raoul Meyer and myself, and our graphics team is
Thought Bubble. If you have questions about today’s
video you should ask them in comments. Everybody who works on Crash Course as
well as a team of historians will be there to answer them. Thanks for watching.
Please make sure you’re subscribed to Crash Course. And as we say in my
hometown, don’t forget to be awesome.

100 comments on “The Black Legend, Native Americans, and Spaniards: Crash Course US History #1”

  1. Ms. Victoria L. McDonald says:

    Am I the only who watches these videos for fun and not to binge study before an exam?

  2. Crixus Gracida says:

    History is wrote by the winners.

  3. Les Lee says:

    are you familiar with Jane Lander, if not you should research her. Your version is the American HisStory i will give you another shot. Blacks we're instrumental in all parts of the world. They should not be neglected or left out. We are not invisible… PS the were people of color in the new world when columbus arrived.

  4. Holder says:

    The natives encountered by Cortez had writing. Their writings were burned in the village square.

  5. ThanksStJoseph says:

    I don’t think it’s fair to compare the Spaniards to the Brits. The Catholic Spanish policy was convert and integrate. That’s why Latin America is brown skinned and speaks Spanish today. Intermarriage was common. Consider Cortez and la Malinche. Mestizos were born almost immediately. While the British Protestants policy eventually led to “manifest destiny “. Which meant keep pushing the brown people west and eliminate them if necessary. Both saw the indigenous populations as in the darkness of paganism but only the Catholics considered them persons as in need of redemption.

  6. casey adams says:

    Your a clown 👎

  7. Dave Cook says:

    Crash course dude polo games crazy

  8. Wally West says:

    Full blood seminole/ it…thank you…oh and mountain goat rocks!🤘🤘🤘

  9. Wally West says:

    Oh yeah theres things talk about that are like myth and legend in our culture that are pretty strange like the deserts and salt flats use to be lush fertile jungle like and humans destroy them anyway that was ancient even when we heard it…weird huh? In fact we got tons of stuff like that kinda like the ancient aliens…not sure how much is fact and fiction…ya know? Anyway "moutain goat rocks"! Whooo hoo!

  10. Isaac Graf says:

    ya i know huh ddp is that good

  11. Sterling Witherspoon says:

    Wtf is this white boy talking about

  12. lexdad1193 says:

    I'm Native American and I'm insulted by his pandering.

  13. Dnt?uestion says:

    White people always destroy in history that's why it's called history is his story you white motherfukers are liars dude you guys are pieces of s*** none of the s*** you say is true y'all bring watch Mexicans and thinking are Spaniards and they're really not the Mexicans were originally black the Native Americans were originally black for the real children of Israel you guys came here to enslave us Christopher Columbus use the Bible to find the Native Americans the part of the Bible that the Catholic Church took out called the Apocrypha

  14. Terrence Milton says:

    There's something you dont know. This is old.

  15. Will224000 says:

    Does your laptop also kill Communists?
    Or is it selective?

  16. Pampered Duchess says:

    Problems with this one: [You APUSH people may want to read up on the points I'm making.]

    1) It doesn't even mention the well-documented Norse settlements that happened a good 500 years before the Spanish in what they called "Vínland" (Eastern Canada). Thus, the first Europeans to settle in the two continents that make up the Americas were Norse, not Spanish. I wouldn't go so far as to say they lived "peacefully" with the native population, but they sure weren't jerks about it like the other European nations that had latched onto a racist publication justifying through the Bible that "Canaanites" were anybody that wasn't white; thus, seeing them as non-human was fine and any atrocity against them was justified. (Yep, that's our history, folks.)

    2) It is NOT called the "Iroquois Confederacy". Continued use of a French derivative of a Huron insult (meaning "Black Snakes") for the "People of the Longhouse" is perpetuating a slur. Please stop. The proper term is "Haudenosaunee" (for John, the pronunciation is "ho-duh-no-show-knee").

    I know it's six years too late and perhaps lessons were learned from this, but I think this one might need updating if it's to be shown in classrooms. Getting things absolutely correct can be difficult in the format of the show, but the little details matter.

  17. shahla1123 says:

    All you AP 💩 are running my scrolling of the comments

  18. Humberto Franco says:

    Anyone else just here to get a glimpse of what's in store this year?

  19. Jackson Smith says:

    Is watching these good for preparing for apush?

  20. Clarissa Hartman says:

    Time for APUSH 2019-2020

  21. n00t n00t says:

    apush 2019-2020 coming through

  22. John von Shepard says:

    Another one.

  23. Patrick Smith says:

    In other words Black people was here before whites and mogels ???? Wow !!! So this World belongs to Black Melanin Carbon People ???

  24. Tom Toppler says:

    Who here is not in APUSH?

  25. UkelelePichu says:

    apush 2019-2020 gang?

  26. Isabelle Smart says:

    I’m watching these to try to understand my APUSH textbook

  27. Fury Of Titans says:

    1512 Spain created the Laws of Burgos banning slavery and giving the natives property ownership and civil rights. Before any country did it. And the Spanish territories are 80% native while in the US they are down to 1%.

  28. TenTonNuke says:

    I'm 36 and haven't had an exam in 15 years. I just enjoy learning and knowing things.

  29. Joseph Sanchez says:

    Fucky your video

  30. JETHRO JAMES says:

    Blacks were hete 1st

  31. Ayy it’sTae says:

    I'm not here for the AP test. I'm here because I forgot a lot of things about American History.

  32. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin says:

    Arriba España!

  33. T M says:

    now hold on, the class separation was exactly like europe. rich leaders controlled the poor worker class.

  34. Drew Drew Lockhart says:

    You just gonna zoom over Europeans killing millions, like “oh when we arrived most of them just getting sick and died”😂

  35. A. T. says:

    Bartolome de las casas was also one of the reasons why African slavery was introduced to Mexico. And at-least the Spaniards didn't exterminate the natives quite as extensively as the English did.

  36. HISTORIAN D says:

    I think french were only "not that bad guy" coliniser.

  37. moonShyn1 says:

    Original Natives Americans were The Short hair Dark Skin Native on Every products and Map of the Americas. Later they use the the long hair pale face in cartoons and Tv.We Ruled by BLOOD of our Fathers and LAND of our Fathers. All Around the world! Christianity switched out BLOOD and Replaced it with Faith. Causing mixed races ,division and collapse. We are Not Only Native But we are the ORIGINAL OF EACH LAND MASS. And we traded we each other until ORIGINAL NATIVES OF EUROPE Contacted diseases from Outcast or Raiders and fell into a REGRESSION called a Dark Age in history books. Later Europe is Re introduced to BATHING and Soap RE CIVILIZED. The Civilized Heathen began creating upside down maps and charts Putting themselves at the Top! Creating a World in Reverse to what God created. Some are still Deranged. So they are sent these to America. The British hope maybe they’d die in the wilderness. But No Such Luck. They Land in the America Killing it’s said about 90% just from contact. And I wish you people would stop making up history and tell the Truth. Today Gentiles are Jews.

  38. Ken Nard says:

    Read a book by Dr. David Imhotep tittled Africans were the first Americans. Read a book by Prof Ivan Van Sertima tittled They came before Columbus.

  39. Elle says:

    There’s no way I’m getting a 2 again. Before school starts, imma start studying real early

  40. alberto CR says:

    Soy catalan pero hay que reconocer que los españoles repartieron manguera por America en aquellos tiempos. Fruto de las culiadas hay muchos marroncetes escribiendo por aqui.
    Hay que entender el contexto historico, España era el imperio mundial en aquel momento, y la raza española era descendiente directa de la romana y los moros, no como los ingleses, unos lechosos pseudo-vikingos rednecks con los piños torcidos.
    Se puede decir que los españoles mejoraron la raza americana. Sin españoles no habria estereotipo "latino americano", tanto en hombres como en mujeres.
    Al Cesar lo que es del Cesar.

  41. Everest Mueller says:

    Hello Crash Course team, Im a social studies teacher for 5-8th grade. I would love my class (about 5 students) to be able to view your videos and ask you questions as we cover the colonial era of US history. Is this possible?

  42. Olivia Randall says:

    I'm not here for APUSH, because I decided to not let myself suffer, but as a person who tends to get distracted in class, I need this a WHOLE LOT

  43. Jarbo Fiorini says:

    Maybe it would be time that Spain gives us the Latinos back the gold they stole from us!…

  44. Walker Farnsworth says:

    Thanos: I'm going to wipe out half the universe!
    Europeans: 2:13

  45. ceplio says:

    Anyone else just here because they like US history and not because they need to do an APUSH exam

  46. Ellie Ayer says:

    Anyone else hear because they’re taking APUSH this school year, heard how awful it is, and wants to get as much of a leg up as possible?

  47. Joshua Hammond says:

    APUSH 2019-2020 WYA?

  48. George George says:

    I wonder why do you call the people "Indian" ? With love from EU.

  49. Admirer Of Creativity says:

    Judging by all the apush comments I can tell ya’ll I’m never taking that class.

  50. John Kneen says:

    @thecrashcourse I would like to use your videos to share with my students however English isn't their first language. They language skills are quite advanced but the videos have some cultural references and you talk very fast. Are there transcripts available I can use as a tool to go along with your videos?

  51. Galen Gibb says:

    Literally Give Me Liberty

  52. ChrisLuna says:


  53. John Marvel says:

    How did native Americans get disease's….

  54. marco mac says:

    I travel America, and in latin america you can see the natives mix with the spaniards
    In north america you just she the natives in a reservation wich is a racist jail created by the genocidal anglo Saxon murderous.

  55. Nick L. says:

    God I’m just here to learn history and have fun. What the hell is APUSH?

  56. kiss by the sun says:

    He's a terrible teacher

  57. Sidneysolove says:

    All these APUSH comments are so irritating

  58. Saul Garcia says:

    Diet? Not so smart

  59. Emma Collins says:

    dear john green, thank you for making ap world better. here's to apush AHAHA

  60. Lucho Rodrigo says:

    Americans and british killed more native people!

  61. Eve says:

    If anyone can produce one verse where Jesus Christ commands for His people to murder, please show it to me.

  62. Eve says:

    I wonder if those "Spaniards" were Jews that were from Spain who posed as Christians since the Jews were forced to convert to Roman Catholicism. Also, Roman Catholicism is not Christian. Roman Catholicism is fake just like Judaism is fake. Each of them have their fake book for their fake religions that murder people. Add Islam to that group too. Belief in God through faith in Jesus Christ means that "You shall not murder."

  63. billy apicella says:

    70% APUSH Exams/ APUSH
    20% History Jokes
    10% People who just like to enjoy things

  64. billy apicella says:

    Please help me out here guys.

    The Pre Video
    0:00 Rambling and "Jokes"

    Intro 0:2
    the video is about the indians 0:31
    Another intro 0:36
    The begining 0:45

  65. Christian Frank says:

    Alright kiddos, let's start APUSH 2019-2020 off right

  66. Silae Kim says:

    Can you put subtitles in Korean?

  67. Carl The Dog says:


  68. Evelyn To says:

    I love the last sentence lol

  69. Sasha Albert says:

    Talk slower.

  70. Hyde2467 says:

    what about llamas for the incas. Im pretty sure they're domesticated

  71. madree p says:

    Thank you so much for the last thing you said about paying attention to whose voice is telling you about history and the voice that is not being heard. That is so important. I am an educator and I make a point of telling my kids that just because they didn't share an experience with another it doesn't mean that it didn't happen, and that our perceptions about shared experiences can be different. I hope that it is something that they will always remember.

  72. Malik Barrow says:

    Watching such a smart guy drink diet Dr Pepper is painful lol

  73. Iniesta MR says:

    Americans have inherited the culture of ignorance from their British and Jamaican cousins. They are too lazy to learn history and geography. The only normal and intelligent Anglo-Saxons are Australians and Canadians.

  74. M Dosmus says:

    Vaya basura de vídeo, no es más que la misma propaganda de mierda repetida con un toque gracioso

  75. David Gonz says:

    These videos are interesting and fun, but many of your historical facts are horribly (part of the black legend). 1) The Spanish did not wipeout the native American population, the anglosaxon colonization did have a systematic genocide. 2)The spanish were pioneers in human rights by establishing prohibiting slavery of the conquered as early as the 1500s, the Spanish empire established laws granting nativeamericans legal protection and rights. King Carlos I halted the conquests for a brief period to examen if they were legally and morally justified.
    3) Racial mixture was never a crime in Spanish América. 4) The Spanish inquisition did not have jurisdiction over nativeamericans and it was actually the priests and monks that lobbied that nativeamericans should be protected. The catholic church was the first to recognise that natives had a soul and were people. Meanwhile protestant colonists thought the contrary, up to the 1960s natives segragated. Fun fact: Columbus was forced to free his slaves, return them to América and got punished for abuses commited under his rule.

  76. rhynocerous988 says:

    This would have been better if they'd kept making ol GW's eyes blink every so often after the intro

  77. david jackson says:

    The black legend has to do with the Spanish inquisition that continues today. What does black mean in law? What does white mean in law? There is a black legend that was put upon the Americas starting with cristobal colon. In the United states that systems committed thru the house of burgesses that was set up as a sovereign government. The sovereigns were the first families of Virginia. Ever wonder why the president's are all closely related. Its because their all descendants of pocahontas(lady rebecca) and John Ralph.

  78. sabin97 says:

    it's really disturbing how you contribute to the misuse of the word "america".
    america is the whole continent. but in this context you are using it only for a fraction of it.
    it's cringeworthy that you say when the europeans arrived in america, there was nobody like the mayas or the incas….as both of those civilizations were indeed american civilizations….

  79. Manu Glez says:

    Only forty-six years after the discovery of America, the Spanish Empire founded the first university in the New World. It was October 28, 1538. The university center of Santo Tomás de Aquino, in Santo Domingo, became the first of the nearly thirty universities that the Spanish founded in America. These universities were created for the development of the indigenous population. The buildings are currently witnesses. In the sixteenth century the Spaniards recognized the same rights to indigenous peoples. In the sixteenth century the Spaniards allowed mixed marriage. Until the mid-twentieth century, mixed marriages were banned in the United States (inheritance of the British mentality). If the majority of the South American population descends from Aztecs, Mayans, Incas, Mexicans, Chibchas, etc., they are free and have full rights over their territory, it is thanks to the Spanish Empire that prevented British extermination. Ask yourself about the natives of the United States, Australia, Africa, New Zealand, etc. or really exterminated or live in ghettos with own development of prehistory. The British did not enter the United States asking the Indians about the real estate market, exterminated them and then occupied them. The natives, the British, were never allowed to take advantage of the technological or cultural enrichment brought by the settlers. The culture of a nation is constantly evolving, we are in the 21st century, it is no longer necessary to blame the current German people for the genocide of 70 years ago. I think 500 years are even more reasons. British and especially "Dutch" who, during the Spanish occupation, enriched themselves with the trade of the Spanish colonies (the empire could have asphyxiated them economically and did not, something that England did with Spain financing pirates), I think it is time to apply More intelligence and interest in knowing the story itself. Sincerely: a European.

  80. Jax Ric says:

    From the first moment of the discovery of America in 1492, Isabel and Fernando, the Spanish kings of that time, gave precise orders that the native Indians were not converted to Christianity by force. This remained a norm of the Spanish monarchy in the following centuries. Of course there were abuses and these were soon exaggerated and used as a propaganda tool against everything Spanish, first by the Dutch enemies and then the British. The Inquisition did not act against the Indians, but against Jews, European heretics or in cases of witchcraft. Although he also acted ex officio in certain cases of crime such as counterfeit currency and others. Therefore, the scenes of inquisitors burning natives is totally false. Spanish Black Legend was born. Of course, it was impossible in those times and until very recently, to exercise total control over the acts of Spanish owners in such large territories.
    Bartolomé de las Casas was a controversial character. He himself was a grocer and owned lands and natives who worked them. Then he became a defender of the natives, but within a progressive religious fanaticization within Catholicism that amazed even very religious people in those years.

  81. SIR 01 says:

    2020 APUSH Exam here I come! Might have gotten a 2 on my WHAP Exam but you know what I'll start cramming these videos 3 weeks in advance instead of 1. LETS GOOOO

  82. Salvador Castro says:

    I am Hispanic American and for me the enemy of our region is the Anglo-Saxons.

  83. Galaxia Enchanted says:

    Just me……?


  84. Jeremy Calnan says:

    Ok btw I went ahead and set up the proverbial Ricky ticky time bomb it's a time bomb it's a time bomb….

    And with that tweet texting thing I just touched someone for the first time in a lifetime….

  85. Jeremy Calnan says:

    Wahh. Wahh. I'm bad to the bone babababad…babababad..bad to the bone…babababad….

  86. Jeremy Calnan says:

    Indians are gay….they are Soo gay like the Italians and the Youbians …..the Youbians take it in the end…


  87. Jeremy Calnan says:

    Where is my red devil lie ???

  88. Jeremy Calnan says:

    It's bean band release the bands

  89. 4 4 says:

    Incas had domesticated animals by the way… Llamas and Alpacas. They used the meat and the wool. Also they had an unique writing system using the different knots in strings of wool called Quipus… although isn't known at wich extend was used.

  90. killxshotx 1738 says:

    comment and like if you noticed that des las Casas looks like Neil Patrick Harris. 9:34

  91. Snuffleupagus says:

    5:59 obscure reference, but okay. I like it.

  92. jenny pai says:

    Crash course needs to do a video on the Battle for Manila in 1945

  93. Jacob Willden says:

    i love John Green

  94. Life In The Goodhue House says:

    anyone else notice the president at the bottom of screen kept moving

  95. Papa Wallace says:

    I like this video I like the tree

  96. Kieran McGarvey says:

    nah Stan that's not gonna work nice beginning

  97. AngelMates says:

    More Black Legend, ofcourese my friend… why even telling the truth when you can just tell the Black legend and every idiot on the internet is going to belive it… the anglosaxon culture is just toxic as hell…

  98. I got myself a citrus friend says:

    Wait why doesn't he blink

  99. idi m says:

    history of usa:
    the world's first use of biological attack, the largest genocide in the history of mankind, banditry, expansion, slavery, war, war, war, civil war, war, the only ever use of a nuclear bomb against humans, war, the financing of terrorism around the world, the overthrow of governments, war!

  100. Volt Racer 999 says:

    Who else is taking APUSH this year?

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